An example of a custom coverlay.
A common feature on rigid-flex boards is the selective use of coverlay material. This insulation layer is cut and laminated onto specific areas of the board, and because of this selective use, custom coverlay is often referred to as bikini coverlay. As well as its use in specific areas of the board, custom coverlay can also be positioned anywhere in the layer stack.
Custom coverlay is added in the Layer Stack Manager and the shape manipulated in Board Planning Mode, once the Custom Coverlays option is enabled in the Board Region dialog for that region of the board. Coverlay polygons are derived from the Polygon Pour object, limited in functionality to just being used as a means of creating a custom coverlay shape.
Availability and Placement
Custom coverlay is added in the Layer Stack Manager.
To add custom coverlay:
- Select the required layer stack in the lower region of the Layer Stack Manager.
- Add a Flex Coverly layer into the stack in the upper region of the Layer Stack Manager and adjust its position in the stack.
- Define the properties of the coverlay, including the Coverlay Expansion property.
Add the coverlay layers into the required stack and configure the layer properties in the Layer Stack Manager.
Enabling and Viewing the Custom Coverlay
Custom coverlay must be enabled for each board region where it has been added to that region's layer stack. To enable the custom coverlay:
- Switch to board planning mode (View » Board Planning Mode) to examine and edit custom coverlay layers.
- Set the PCB panel to Layer Stack Regions, and double-click to edit the required Stackup Region.
- In the Board Region dialog, enable the Custom Coverlays option.
- In the main workspace, there will now be additional tabs for each custom coverlay layer added in the stack, click on a layer tab to make that layer the current layer, and examine the layer contents.
Custom coverlays must be enabled for each Stackup Region that includes them, note that this coverlay extends into the rigid region, as per the Coverlay Expansion defined in the Layer Stack Manager.
Editing, and Placing Additional Custom Coverlay
Coverlay is automatically added to cover the entire area of the board region is was added to, as shown in the image above. Behaving like an additional solder mask layer, openings are automatically created for component pads in accordance with the applicable Solder Mask Expansion design rule, or else the settings in the Pad dialog if the Solder Mask Expansions setting has been configured to override the design rule.
- The automatic coverlay is formed as a polygonal object, it can be selected and reshaped (or deleted) as required.
- User-defined coverlay shapes can also be placed if required, using the Design » Place Coverlay Polygon and Design » Place Coverlay Cutout commands. Note that these commands are only available in Board Planning Mode.
An area of user-defined custom coverlay has been placed (with curved corners), including a cutout. To the right of this, the automatic coverlay has been moved away from the left edge of the board.
Coverlay Polygons can be placed when a PCB Editor is in Board Planning Mode. Select the Design » Place Coverlay Polygon command, from the main menus.
Coverlay Polygon Placement Modes
- While placing a polygon there are 5 available corner modes, 4 of which also have corner direction sub-modes. During placement:
- Press Shift+Spacebar to cycle through the 5 available corner modes: 45 degree, 45 degree with arc, 90 degree, 90 degree with arc, and Any Angle.
- Press Spacebar to toggle between the two corner direction sub-modes.
- When in either of the arc corner modes, hold the or keys to shrink or grow the arc. Hold the Shift key as you press to accelerate arc resizing.
- Press the 1 shortcut key to toggle between placing 2 edges per click, or one edge per click. In this second mode the dashed edge is referred to as the look-ahead segment (as shown in the last image in the set below).
- Press the Backspace key to remove the last vertex.
Press Shift+Spacebar to cycle through the 5 available corner modes, press the 1 shortcut to toggle placement between 2 edges or 1 edge.
This method of editing allows you to select a placed coverlay polygon object directly in the workspace and change its size, shape or location, graphically.
Click once on a coverlay polygon object to select it, which puts it into edit mode. The outer shape of the coverlay polygon object is defined by a series of edges: where each edge is represented by an end vertex at each end, shown as a solid white square; and a center vertex in the middle, shown as a hollow white square. Each end vertex represents the location where 2 edges meet.
A selected Coverlay Polygon.
- Click and drag A to move the applicable end vertex.
- Click and drag B to move the applicable center vertex, effectively creating a new end vertex, and splitting the original edge into two.
- Click anywhere along an edge, away from editing handles, and drag to slide that edge.
- Ctrl+click anywhere along an edge, away from editing handles, to insert a new end vertex.
- Click and hold on an end vertex, and press Delete, to remove that vertex.
- Click anywhere on the coverlay polygon – away from editing handles – and drag to reposition it. While dragging, the coverlay polygon can be rotated or mirrored:
- Press the Spacebar to rotate the coverlay polygon anti-clockwise or Shift+Spacebar for clockwise rotation. The Rotation Step size is defined on the PCB Editor – General page of the Preferences dialog.
- Press the X or Y keys to mirror the coverlay polygon along the X-axis or Y-axis respectively.
Configuring the Coverlay Layer Color
The color of Custom Coverlay layers is defined in the View Configurations dialog. Custom coverlay layers are listed in the Mask Layers region of the dialog.
Custom Coverlay layers are added into the list of Mask Layer in the View Configurations dialog, click to set the color of custom coverlay layers.