Net labels identify and electrically connect different points in a schematic.
Electrical connectivity between schematic component pins can be created by placing a wire between those pins. This is called physical connectivity since the pins are physically connected with a wire. Connectivity also can be created logically by using suitable net identifiers, such as net labels. As well as providing a human-friendly identifier for a net, a net label allows you to connect points on a circuit without actually physically wiring them together.
Net labels are available for placement in the Schematic Editor only in the following ways:
Choose Place»Net Label from the main menus.
Click the Net Label button () in the graphic objects drop-down on the Active Bar located at the top of the workspace. (Click and hold an Active Bar button to access other related commands. Once a command has been used, it will become the top-most item on that section of the Active Bar.)
Right-click in the workspace then choose Place»Net Label from the context menu.
Click the button on the Wiring toolbar.
After launching the command, the cursor will change to a cross-hair and you will enter net label placement mode with a net label floating on the cursor:
Press Tab to open the Net Label mode of the Properties panel with the NetName field selected and ready for editing; enter the new net name.
Position the net label so that its bottom-left corner touches the object to which you want to assign it then click or press Enter to place the net label.
Continue placing further net labels, or right-click or press Esc to exit placement mode.
Additional actions that can be performed during placement while the net label is still floating on the cursor and before the center point of the net label is anchored are:
Press the Tab key to pause the placement and access the Net Label mode of the Properties panel in which its properties can be changed on-the-fly. Click the workspace pause button overlay () to resume placement.
Press the X or Y keys to flip the net label along the X-axis or Y-axis.
Press the Spacebar to rotate the net label counterclockwise or Shift+Spacebar for clockwise rotation. Rotation is in increments of 90°.
While attributes can be modified during placement (Tab to access the Properties panel), keep in mind that these will become the default settings for further placement unless the Permanent option on the Schematic – Defaults page of the Preferences dialog is enabled. When this option is enabled, changes made will affect only the object being placed and subsequent objects placed during the same placement session.
Considerations during placement:
The electrical hotspot on a net label is the lower left corner, therefore, this corner must touch the wire, bus, or signal harness for a valid connection to be made.
If the Net property of the net label is entered before it is placed and the value entered has a numeric ending, each subsequent net label will auto-increment this numeric value. This behavior is configured in the Auto-Increment During Placement options on the Schematic – General page of the Preferences dialog. For net labels, only the Primary field applies; the Secondary field applies when the object has multiple fields, such as a Pin.
The net label can be edited graphically using what is known as in-place editing. To edit a net label string in-place, click once to select, pause then click a second time to enter edit mode.
Click once to select the string.
Pause, then click a second time to enter in-place edit mode.
The string has been selected, ready to type in a replacement string. The Net Label can be edited in-place.
Once editing is complete, press Enter or click away from the string to exit in-place editing mode.
This feature is available only if the Enable In-Place Editing option is enabled on the Schematic – General page of the Preferences dialog.
If attempting to graphically modify an object that has its Locked property enabled, a dialog will appear asking for confirmation to proceed with the edit. If the Protect Locked Objects option is enabled on the Schematic – Graphical Editing page of the Preferences dialog, and the Locked option for that design object is enabled as well, then that object cannot be selected or graphically edited. Click the locked object to select it then disable the Locked property in the List panel or disable the Protect Locked Objects option to graphically edit the object.
The following methods of non-graphical editing are available:
This method of editing uses the associated Net Label dialog and the Properties panel mode to modify the properties of a net label object.
The Net Label dialog, on the left, and the Net Label mode of the Properties panel on the right
After placement, the Net Label dialog can be accessed by:
Double-clicking on the placed net label object.
Placing the cursor over the net label object, right-clicking then choosing Properties from the context menu.
During placement, the Net Label mode of the Properties panel can be accessed by pressing the Tab key. Once the net label is placed, all options appear.
After placement, the Net Label mode of the Properties panel can be accessed in one of the following ways:
If the Properties panel is already active, by selecting the net label object.
After selecting the net label object, select the Properties panel from the Panels button in the bottom right section of the workspace, or by select View » Panels » Properties.
If the Double Click Runs Interactive Properties option is disabled (default) on the Schematic - Graphical Editing page of the Preferences dialog, when the primitive is double-clicked or you right-click on a selected primitive then choose Properties, the dialog will open. When the Double Click Runs Interactive Properties option is enabled, the Properties panel will open.
While the options are the same in the dialog and the panel, the order and placement of the options may differ slightly.
The Net Label properties can be accessed prior to entering placement mode from the Schematic – Defaults page of the Preferences dialog. This allows the default properties for the Net Label object to be changed, which will be applied when placing subsequent Net Labels.
The SCH List panel allows you to display design objects from one or more documents in tabular format, enabling quick inspection and modification of object attributes. Used in conjunction with appropriate filtering - by using the SCH Filter panel, or the Find Similar Objects dialog - it enables the display of just those objects falling under the scope of the active filter – allowing you to target and edit multiple design objects with greater accuracy and efficiency.
Net labels create logical connectivity within a single schematic sheet; they do not create connectivity between schematic sheets. To do this, Ports must be used.
To negate (include a bar over the top of) a net label, use one of the following methods:
Include a backslash character after each character in the net name (e.g., E\N\A\B\L\E).
Enable the Single '\' Negation option on the Schematic - Graphical Editing page of the Preferences dialog, then include one backslash character at the start of the net name (e.g., \ENABLE).
When individual nets form a bus, there are specific requirements as to how they are named. For more information, refer to the Bus page.
Net identifiers of different types do not automatically connect to one another even if they share the same name. For example, a net label named AGND will not automatically connect to a power port named AGND; a wire must be placed to connect them.