Designing with Multiple PCBs

Now reading version 2.0. For the latest, read: Designing with Multiple PCBs for version 5

This documentation page references Altium NEXUS/NEXUS Client (part of the deployed NEXUS solution), which has been discontinued. All your PCB design, data management and collaboration needs can now be delivered by Altium Designer and a connected Altium 365 Workspace. Check out the FAQs page for more information.

Many products include multiple, interconnected printed circuit boards. Bringing these boards together inside the enclosure and ensuring they correctly connect to each other is a challenging phase of the product development process. Have the nets been assigned correctly on each connector? Are the connectors oriented correctly? Do the plug-in boards fit together? Do all of the connected boards fit into the enclosure? A mistake at this late stage of the product development cycle is costly, both for the cost of redesign and the delay to market.

Managing this requires a design environment that supports system-level design. Ideally this will be a design space where you can define both the functional, or logical system, as well as a space where you can plug together the various boards and verify that they connect correctly, both logically and physically.

Altium NEXUS brings system-level design to the electronic product development process.

Capturing the Logical System Design

The overall system design is created in Altium NEXUS as a multi-board project. Within that project, the logical system design is drawn up by placing Modules on a multi-board schematic, where each physical board in the system is represented by a Module. Each Module references the PCB project and the board within that project. 

Once the Modules have been connected to each other on the multi-board schematic, the board-to-board connectivity can be verified. This will detect net-to-pin assignment errors and pin-to-pin interconnection wiring errors. These errors can be resolved and corrections pushed down into the affected PCB projects, or bought back up to the source system schematic.

Read about Capturing the Logical System Design

Creating the Physical Board Assembly

A printed circuit board does not exist in isolation, instead they are often assembled together with other boards, and that assembly of boards is housed inside a case or enclosure. Helping to move through this stage of the design process, the software supports creating a multiple-board assembly, referred to as a Multi-board assembly.

The Multi-board Assembly editor allows exporting the entire multi-board assembly in either STEP or Parasolid format. It also allows other parts, including other boards and assemblies to be imported and positioned in the assembly.

Mates can be defined to form a connection formed between two separate objects. The connection is at a user-selected point on a surface on each object. Once mated the objects will re-orient so their surface planes and their perpendicular axes are aligned.

Assembly boards can be created as rigid-flex designs. Rigid-flex is the name given to a printed circuit that is a combination of both flexible circuit(s) and rigid circuit(s). Altium NEXUS's rigid-flex support enables you to view the board in the final folded state. Read more about rigid-flex designs here.

Read about Creating the Physical Multi-board Assembly

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